An EX-OR gate can only have two inputs. The output of an EX-OR gate is true when its inputs are different (one true, one false).
An OR gate can have two or more inputs. The output of an OR gate is true when at least one of its inputs is true.
Amplifier (general symbol) An amplifier circuit with one input. Really this is a block diagram symbol because it represents a circuit rather than just one component.
Preset variable resistor A preset is operated with a small screwdriver or similar tool. It is designed to be set when the circuit is made and then left without further adjustment. Presets are cheaper than standard variable resistors so they are sometimes used in projects to reduce the cost.